Solar Panel Types – Quick Guide

The solar industry has experienced significant growth thanks to the global support of renewable energy. Hence, many individuals are turning to this form of clean renewable energy.

This significant growth will not be possible without the innovation of solar panels. These revolutionary pieces of equipment are the foundation upon which this industry is built. Visit for some statistics about this industry. Therefore in this quick guide, we will look at the various solar panel types in existence.  

But before we go into that, let us define and explain what solar panels are…

What are Solar Panels?

Solar Panels

Solar panels are boards that can collect and store the sun’s energy which is then converted into clean electricity.

They are made of single solar cells that are manufactured from silicon, phosphorus, and boron layers. The layer of silicon functions as a semiconductor, the phosphorus film carries the negative charge, while the boron layer is the positive charge.

When the photons from the sun come in contact with the panel, they bring the electrons out of the layer of silicon. The electrons are then moved into the solar cell’s generated electric field. As a result, a directional current is produced that is then used as electric power.

The photovoltaic effect is what the above process is known as. As a result of this, another name for solar panels is photovoltaic panels (PV Panels). 60, 72, or 90 single solar cells are found in each regular PV panel.

Major Solar Panel Types

The following are the major solar panel types in the market:

1. Monocrystalline


Another name for this item is a single-crystal panel because it is manufactured from one pure silicon crystal. The crystal is then cut into different wafers. You can easily identify this panel as the color it sports is dark black as a result of being made from very pure silicon.

Since it is made from very pure silicon, they have the highest space efficiency of the major panel types. Furthermore, they last the longest.

The major downside is the price tag which is due to the production process of a single monocrystalline cell that could waste over 50% silicon. Visit Your Solar Spot to learn how to get the best deal and save cost when installing these panels.

2. Polycrystalline


This is the opposite of monocrystalline panels whereby several crystals are used to manufacture a panel rather than just one. To produce this panel, the silicon pieces are first of all melted before they are emptied into a square-shaped mold.

Compared to monocrystalline, polycrystalline are affordable since the production process doesn’t waste silicon. They are easily recognized by their unique square shape.

A disadvantage that you would have to deal with is that their space and energy conversion are less efficient. Furthermore, they cannot tolerate high temperatures which make them unsuitable for areas with high temperature.

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