How To Wire A Junction Box: Things You Need To Know
Do you have a junction box that you need to have wired? Are you at a loss because you don’t know how to wire it? If so, then you’ve come to the right place. We’ve compiled a guide that describes exactly what a junction box is and how you can wire one. Read more below!
What Is A Junction Box?
Essentially, a junction box is a part of your home; rather, it’s a section that contains all of the electrical connections of your home. It is used to provide a safe place and to protect these connections from daily activities and from outside elements.
In this way, it also protects you and your home from the possible implications that would arise from unprotected electrical circuits and connections.
What Will You Need?
Wiring a junction box is an incredibly serious task. If you don’t do so properly, it can lead to electrical complications in the future that could cost you your home and your belongings.
Here is a list of the things you’ll need to do so properly.
- 1. A plug-in circuit tester
- 2. A screwdriver
- 3. A hammer
- 4. Cable clamps
- 5. Fish tape
- 6. Electrical cable
- 7. A utility knife
- 8. Wire cutters
- 9. Two wire nuts
- 10. Wire strippers
- 11. Junction box cover
- 12. Green grounding wire
Tips And Warnings
If you don’t wire your junction box properly, this can lead to serious complications like outages, electrical shortages, and fires. For this reason among many others, you must be sure to pick the right size for your junction box and make sure that you don’t use too many wire splices.
Now that you’ve collected everything you’ll need and you’re aware of the dangers, you can begin to wire your junction box.
- 1. The Breaker Box
This might seem like a trivial and obvious step, but plenty of people skip it. You MUST shut down or turn the power off for the breaker box that is located in your home.
- 2. The Plug-in Circuit Tester
Now, it’s time to put your circuit tester to good use. Insert it into an electrical outlet and into the circuit to test whether or not the power is truly off in the room you’re setting your junction box up in.
- 3. The Screwdriver And Hammer
If you look at your junction box, you should find that there are knock-out holes. Punch these out using your screwdriver and your hammer so that you can successfully insert the wire later on.
- 4. The Cable Clamps
By now, you’ve successfully punched out the knock-out holes. Now, you need to take your cable clamps and insert them into the knock-out holes.
- 5. The Wire
Your electrical box or light switch should have a cable hole for you to insert one of the wire into. Once you find it, you can push your wire through the hole and use fish tape to push your wire through the cable clamp and attach it to the junction box.
- 6. The Cables
Now, it’s time for you to pull on your electrical cables. You should do so until they stand out about six inches from your junction box and use your wire cutters to cut them.
- 7. More Electrical Cables
Repeat step five. Take your electrical cable and run it from your outlet or switch to the junction box and connect it to the cable clamps. Make sure that the electrical wire extends six inches from your junction box and cut accordingly with your wire cutters.
- 8. Outer Insulation
Get your outer insulation jacket and cut three inches off of it. This will show you the colour-coded insulated wires and grounding wire inside.
- 9. Separate The Insulation Wires
Look at your colour-coded wires and separate them from each other. Once you’ve done this you can strip 3/8 of insulation jacket from the wires. Use your wire cutters to do this.
- 10. Trimming
Now, you need to match the coloured wires in the junction box to the colour-coded insulation wires. Use wire cutters to make them equal to each other and twist them clockwise. Now, you can use a nut screw because this will make sure the end of your wires is protected and your wires will be held in place.
- 11. The Green Grounding Screw
You should find a green grounding screw at the end of the green grounding wire pigtail. Take this grounding screw and push it into the screw hole of your junction box. Now, you can take your copper grounding wire or your green insulated grounding wires and the green grounding wire pigtail. Like you did in the previous step, trim these wires with wire cutters so that they are even. Twist them and screw on the green coloured wire nut.
- 12. Connect Or Splice
You’re almost done! If you have wires that lead to an electrical outlet or light fixture then you need to connect or splice them.
- 13. The Cover
You’ve successfully wired your junction box. Now, just slide its cover onto the set-screws and tighten them.
If you have a junction box that you need to be wired then you’ve come to the right place. Above, you can read all about what a junction box is and how you can wire it successfully.