Cleaning Tips: How to Clean a Mattress?

A mattress is a universal product that serves as a furniture element and bedding at the same time. That's why mattresses have special requirements: they must not only be comfortable to ensure high-quality sleep but also comply with strict hygiene standards. Therefore, stains appearing on a mattress, regardless of their nature and cause, should be removed immediately.

A stain on a mattress can become a hotbed of harmful microorganisms, which does not fit into personal hygiene rules. In addition, such a stain is, surely, not the embodiment of high aesthetics. Therefore, in any case, spots should be removed. But...

A mattress will not fit in a washer, a bathroom is a bad option, and an expensive dry-cleaning is not the best idea as well. Therefore, you will have to get rid of stains at home. How can you do that? Let's consider simple and practical methods.

Important Recommendations Before Cleaning The Mattress

According to, modern mattresses resemble sandwiches in their composition: a fabric cover, a layer of various materials, spring-free padding or a spring block. Due to their complex structure, they have excellent properties. But when you have to remove a stain or eliminate an odor, such a multilayered structure can be puzzling. But since cleanliness is next to godliness, you have to watch over your sleeping place. Moreover, a clean mattress lasts longer.

If you have just spilled liquid, immediately wet the spot with a towel or sponge to prevent it from being absorbed into the mattress layers. Apply cleaning agent or stain remover to the area.

Before you start taking serious cleaning actions, make sure you check the tag of your mattress. In order to clean the product and not to damage it once and for all, the following recommendations must be followed:

  • Spring mattress. The spring bed must not be deformed or soaked. Detergents and moisture can damage the metal used for the springs. Stain removal is only possible with special dry cleaning agents. Ventilate the mattress regularly, vacuum it, and flip it every 3 months
  • Spring-free polyurethane foam mattress. If the product is made of polyurethane foam, the operating conditions allow both dry and wet cleaning, however, it is not recommended to wet it strongly. It is sufficient to wipe the surface regularly with a damp cloth to remove dust
  • Spring-free coir mattress. A coir bed can be beaten up. To do this, cover it with a damp cloth made of natural material, pat it gently over the entire area, and dry it out

Speaking of how to clean the anatomical mattress at home, it is necessary to note a few important points. Spring models cannot be bent - this has a great influence on the block - the springs inside it deform. As a result, you will have to put up with the dents and folds on the surface.

Anatomical models of mattresses, except coir, are better to be vacuumed or brushed without beating up. And remember, the less you use chemicals for care, the longer your mattress will retain its properties and attractive look.

Basic Methods

The cleaning of anatomical mattresses allows eliminating not only contaminants but also odors. If possible, take the product outside (or on the balcony) and leave it there for 24 hours.

There are plenty of other options as well:

  • Odor absorber. Shops offer special products that can be used to clean mattresses with deep odors. To do this, the product is applied to the problematic area and then, after 3-5 hours, swept away with a brush; the mattress is vacuumed and wiped with a damp cloth
  • Salt. Dilute it in water (3:1). Apply by rubbing on the surface. Wipe with a clean cloth and dry with a hairdryer
  • Vinegar. Soak the stain with it, sprinkle some baking soda, leave for 12 hours, and vacuum in the morning. BTW, Na2CO3 (sodium bicarbonate) perfectly eliminates the smell of tobacco
  • Laundry soap. 72% traditional laundry soap is almost pure alkali, known for its ability to effectively remove a variety of stains. This soap is also applicable to eliminate old spots on the mattress. Moisten the spot, rub it with soap, and wait for 20 minutes. Then soak in a vinegar solution (1 tbsp per 33.8 oz (1 liter) of water) rag, and wash away the soap. Wipe the area with a clean damp cloth, dry with tissues, and iron through the fabric

Removing stains is easier until they are old, so try to eliminate them immediately. And when you buy a new bed, buy a waterproof and dustproof cover for it - that's how you don't have to bother with how to clean an anatomical mattress from dirt.

Stain Types

  • Grease and makeup. Before removing a stain, check the detergent in an unobtrusive area. To avoid damaging the mattress, soak the cloth in a solution of medical alcohol and wipe the stain
  • Mould. Remove the accumulations from the surface and take the mattress to a well-ventilated place with sun rays - this will destroy the fungus. Vacuum it thoroughly from both sides. Mix water with isopropyl alcohol and clean the mattress with this solution using a soft cloth or sponge. Apply an antiseptic spray, e,g, hydrogen peroxide
  • Blood. Fresh blood stains can be removed with soap and cold water. If the stains are dry, rub 30g of laundry soap on a grater, dissolve it in 1/4 cups of water, and treat the area with a toothbrush. Wait half an hour and wipe the treated surface with a wet cloth. Hydrogen peroxide can also be used for old bloodstains - apply it to the area and remove the resulting foam with a soft cloth. Repeat the procedure until the stain is completely removed

You can also use starch, salt, and hydrogen peroxide.

  • Mix starch, salt, and 3% hydrogen peroxide solution (2:1:1),
  • Apply the paste to the stain,
  • Wait for it to dry out,
  • Remove any residue with a cotton disc or tissue.
  • Perform this procedure 2-3 times if the stain is still there.
  • Mix baking soda and room temperature water (hot water will force the protein to coagulate, and then the blood will not be removed). Proportion 1:1.
  • Apply the mixture to the stain,
  • Leave for 30 minutes,
  • Wipe it with a damp cloth,
  • Use a dry or paper towel to absorb the moisture.
  • Urine. Urine stains on a mattress are one of the most resistant and difficult to clean. And many owners have no idea of how to remove them, and simply spray their favorite perfumes on the stain. But to beat the odor with perfume for some time is not a way out. The presence of the odor suggests that the liquid has not been completely removed from the mattress. As long as the dirt stays in place, house dust mites, bacteria, and other parasites will find a cozy place to reproduce in the mattress

In many cases, you can remove the stains and odor from the mattress by hand. But self-cleaning should be done in accordance with the technology. Otherwise, irreversible damage may be caused to its upholstery. So, how do you remove urine stains from your mattress?

  • Remove the cover from the mattress and send it to the washer. Quickly collect the liquid with a dry towel or napkins from the mattress. Pat dry the surface of the mattress with them. Do not press on the stain or rub it, so as not to push the liquid even deeper.
  • Vinegar will help eliminate the pungent odor of urine. It neutralizes uric acid and destroys the smell. Vinegar must be diluted with water (1:3) and sprayed onto the mattress. If there is no sprayer, apply the solution with a sponge, but immediately spread napkins on top of the treated stain so that they absorb excess moisture.
  • Baking soda will help to collect the remaining moisture. Sprinkle it on the stain for 10-15 minutes, and it will absorb the remains of the vinegar solution and urine.
  • Hydrogen peroxide can be quite useful as well. Dilute 3.4 oz (100 ml) of peroxide in 6.8 oz (200 ml) of water and shake well. Then, using one of the above methods (with a sprayer or a sponge with napkins), apply the composition to the stain directly on top of the soda sprinkled across it. As a result of a chemical reaction between soda and peroxide, a thick and stable foam should form. Leave it for 2 hours. Oxygen liberated during the reaction effectively discolors the spot.
  • After 2 hours, treat the area (where the spot was) with dry napkins and vacuumed thoroughly to collect soda from the mattress. After such cleaning, you need to leave the mattress in a well-ventilated area for at least 10 hours to completely dry and weather the smells of soda and vinegar.
  • Using this method, you can clean the mattress from human and even animal urine. Vinegar will do just fine. Recall that this method is only suitable if the stain is fresh.

Different Solutions for Stain Removal

  • Salt and lemon juice. Mix salt and lemon juice in equal proportions, apply the mixture to the stains, leave for 1-2 hours, wipe with a damp sponge, apply soda to a fresh wet spot and leave it overnight, collect the remains with a vacuum cleaner, apply diluted essence or 9% vinegar to a trace and wipe with a rag
  • DIY stain remover. Mix 1 tsp of water, 1 tbsp of 9% vinegar, 1 tsp of washing powder or detergent and 2 tbsps of baking soda, apply the mixture to the mattress, wipe the stain with a damp cloth or sponge, pat dry with a dry or paper towel
  • Hydrogen peroxide, baking soda, and soap. Mix 100 ml of hydrogen peroxide (3%), 2 tbsps of soda and 2-3 drops of liquid soap, pour into a spray bottle, apply to the stain, after 5 minutes, wipe with a damp cloth, pat dry with a dry towel. This solution works only 5 minutes after mixing

Fresh stains are easier to remove than old ones. Therefore, try to remove as much dirt as possible and treat the area with soapy water or use another option from the ones below. After that, you can, of course, go to your local store for a good stain remover. Such formulations are effective, accompanied by detailed instructions. But is it really worth it? Assume you have just one stain. Do you really have to go and buy an expensive product that will then stand on a shelf for years? It is much more rational to resort to simple proven methods that require minimal costs.

  • Liquid soap. The most affordable method of removing stains from a mattress is to use a regular detergent diluted with water (1:5). Apply the resulting solution to the stain, wait for 10 minutes, pat it with a damp sponge, rag or towel, and rinse thoroughly with clean water. This simple stain removal method is quite effective and allows you to achieve the desired result
  • Brine. Stir 2/3 tbsps of ordinary table salt in a glass of boiling water and let it cool down. Then, using a foam sponge or rag, soak the contaminated area with the solution and leave for 10-20 minutes. Rinse with clean water. If yellowness is not completely removed, repeat the procedure again
  • Borax. It is inexpensive, freely sold in pharmacies, and is called "Sodium tetraborate decahydrate." Borax copes well with yellow stains of a completely understandable origin, stains from coffee, tea, wine. Mix a small amount of the powder with water until a paste-like state is obtained, rub well into the stain, and leave it for 15-20 minutes. Brush off any powder residue and wipe the spot with a damp foam sponge
  • Salt and carbonated water. If you poured coffee, tea, juice, wine on a mattress, stained it with blood, then carbonated water will help you. Bubbles of carbon dioxide destroy the substances that form the spots and prevent them from penetrating inside. After you abundantly moisten the problem area with soda, sprinkle it with salt, and leave it for a couple of hours. At the end of the procedure, remove the remaining salt from the mattress with a brush
  • Salt and lemon juice. A good result in removing stains from the mattress is demonstrated by a mixture of salt and lemon juice, brought to a pasty state. Prepare a little paste and apply it to the contaminated area. After 2-3 hours, sweep away the remaining salt with a brush and treat the place with a damp foam sponge. Repeat the procedure if needed
  • Lemon acid. This option is good for washing off old spots of various nature. For its implementation, dissolve 2 tsp of citric acid in a glass of hot water, soak it with a rag or sponge, and leave it on for 20 minutes. After the treated area dries, wipe it with a clean, damp towel
  • Boric acid. This is another way with minimal material and physical costs to get rid of stains on the mattress. Boric acid is cheap and is available in any pharmacy. Take a little acid and in a small bowl bring to a porridge-like state, gently mixing with water. Put the resulting paste on a stain, let it dry slightly, then remove the residue with a brush. Then apply soapy water and treat the spot with a sponge soaked in clean water
  • Hydrogen peroxide. The spot “with experience” should be moistened a little 5 minutes prior to processing with peroxide. In relation to the fresh spot, no preliminary action is necessary. Hydrogen peroxide is applied to the stain with a gauze swab or a piece of cotton rag. The foam formed during the reaction is removed with a damp towel or foam sponge. The procedure is repeated until the stain is completely discolored
  • Alcohol. Ethylene, aka ethyl alcohol is a good solvent for greasy stains. If the spots on the mattress were the result of breakfast or dinner in bed, remove them easily with alcohol (rubbing or denatured). Take a cotton cloth and, having moistened it with plenty of alcohol, wet the contaminated area several times. Just do not use cologne or toilet water - you may be able to get rid of the stains, but most likely never of the perfume’s obsessive aroma soaked into the mattress
  • Ammonia (NH3). This one is sold in pharmacies, quite inexpensive, and copes well with spots of a very different nature. Apply ammonia with a gauze swab to the stain and wait 10-15 minutes. Remove any residual dirt or stains with a soap-soaked sponge and rinse thoroughly with clean water
  • Acetone. This substance is an excellent solvent and an effective stain fighter. With the help of pure acetone or compositions containing it, you can remove stains of nail polish, makeup, grease from the mattress. The technology, in this case, is somewhat different from traditional methods. For its implementation, blotting paper is required. It must be abundantly moistened in acetone and repeatedly applied to the stain to ensure that the substance that forms it, while dissolving, moves to the paper. The stains remaining after using acetone are washed off in the traditional way - a sponge moistened with soapy water and final rinsing with clean water
  • Steam cleaner. The advantage of this device is that it does not contribute to the penetration of contaminants into the inner layers of the product but dissolves them on the surface, after which the residues are easily washed off with clean water

I am Vera Watson. Drawing The House is a dream that was conceived when I saw a niche in consumer guide on almost everything in our homes. My main aim is to help you save money by testing the products you need and recommending you the best of them all. I believe in the family as an institution and the first way to make a family happy is providing the best for them.

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